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Vegan Warrior Princesses Attack!

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Vegan Warrior Princesses Attack! is a podcast with in-depth, unapologetic discussions of vegan issues by two modern day vegan warrior princesses!

The show is meant to be a source of support and community for people already dedicated to the vegan lifestyle, but we also welcome new vegans and those who are veg-curious to get a peek behind the curtain of vegan life. We're hoping to cultivate a sense of community so that VWPs with no support can feel like they are connected to their vegan brethren and have a space to vent or feel understood.

114 Voting in the United States: 1776-2016
14 Mar 2017 at 2:00am

To prep for our “voting with your dollar” episode next week, VWPA tackles voting from 1776 to 2016, in the United States.

In This Episode

First Nichole walks us through the history of voting in the United States, focusing largely on federally passed legislation, and then Callie takes us into today, looking at voter suppression tactics used to influence and steal the 2016 election.

History: Timeline

Intro from Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
The basic principle that governed voting in colonial America was that voters should have a “stake in society.” Leading colonists associated democracy with disorder and mob rule, and believed that the vote should be restricted to those who owned property or paid taxes. Only these people, in their view, were committed members of the community and were sufficiently independent to vote. Each of the thirteen colonies required voters either to own a certain amount of land or personal property, or to pay a specified amount in taxes.

Many colonies imposed other restrictions on voting, including religious tests. Catholics were barred from voting in five colonies and Jews in four.

The right to vote varied widely in colonial America. In frontier areas, seventy to eighty percent of white men could vote. But in some cities, the percentage was just forty to fifty percent.

1776 – voting started off classist, racist, sexist AF

Only land owners can vote Must be 21 or older Religious restrictions keep Catholics, Jews, Quakers, and others from voting mMost are white male Protestants over the age of 21 Women are allowed to vote in New Jersey, as long as they own property

1787 – states decide who can vote

A national agreement on voting rights can’t be reached, so each state will decide Stays primarily white male landowners

1789 – George Washington elected president

Only 6% of population can vote

1790 – only white men can become citizens & vote

The Naturalization Act of 1790 bars non-white immigrants from becoming citizens
The act restricted citizenship to “any alien, being a free white person” who had been in the U.S. for two years, in good standing, and had sworn an oath to the Constitution. In effect, it left out indentured servants, slaves, American Indians, Asian people later on, and most women As anti-immigrant sentiment grew in the U.S., the residency requirement was increased to five, and then 15 years Created due to a lack of definition for a citizen, or natural born citizen, in Constitution. When Constitution was drafted, the prevailing belief was that “one became American by choice, not by descent.” Ironic how much this would change in a few short years. At this same time, interestingly, 6 states did allow for free African Americans to vote (Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Vermont)

1807 – New Jersey Bans Women From Voting

Women will not be allowed to vote anywhere in the U.S. for the next 113 years

1812 Mass Governor redraws voting district lines

Governor Elbridge Gerry redraws voting district lines to favor the Republican-dominated legislature against the Federalist Party The term “gerrymander” means the drawing of legislative district lines, usually in a bizarre and quite transparently biased manner, to give an unfair advantage to one group or political party
This is still an issue today – for instance, the 2012 election cycle in Pennsylvania saw 51% of votes cast for Democrats, and yet the Democratic Part only won 5 out of 18 seats The Supreme Court has ruled gerrymandering is unconstitutional, however no court has ever invalidated a redistricting plan on the basis of partisan gerrymandering. For example, there was a case in 1946, Colegrove vs Green, where the Supreme Court ruled in favor of unequal voting districts in Illinois

1828 – Last Religion Restrictions Removed

Maryland finally enfranchised Jewish men, ending religious restrictions

1848 – Anti-Slavery & Women’s Rights Unite / Mexicans Granted Citizenship

Women’s Rights Convention in Senaca Falls attended by Frederick Douglass, a newspaper editor and former slave, who gives a speech supporting universal voting rights. ***His speech helps convince the convention to adopt a resolution calling for women’s right to vote*** Meanwhile, the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hildago ends the Mexican-American War and guarantees US citizenship to Mexicans living in territories conquered by the US, however English language restrictions and violent intimidation limit voting access

1856 – Land Ownership Requirement Removed

White dudes everywhere can vote, hurrah!

1866 Women’s Rights Splits over black women’s vote

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B Anthony form an organization for white and black women and men dedicated to the goal of universal voting rights The organization later divides due to disagreements in strategies to gain the vote for women and African Americans

1868 – Former Slaves Granted Citizenship

14th Amendment gives citizenship to former slaves Voters are explicitly defined as male and voting regulation is still left to each state

1870 – Vote cannot

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